Complex Cyst on Ovary: What they can Mean to Your Health

Ovarian Complex Cyst

cyst on ovaries endomitriosisMany women will have a complex cyst on ovary at some point of their life.  Most ovarian cysts display little or no discomfort and are considered harmless. Most of these  complex cysts on ovaries will disappear without any treatment, in a matter of weeks. The presence of cysts doesn’t automatically mean cancer.

Complex Cyst Ovary: What is an Ovarian Cyst?

An ovarian cyst is a sac that’s filled with solid material, fluid, or both.  A cyst is found inside or on the surface of the ovary.

Ovarian Cyst Types

There are two different types of cysts: complex or simple.

Simple Cyst

Fluid filled sacs are simple.  A graafian follicle cyst is the most common type. These cysts will develop when the egg doesn’t release during ovulation. They will quickly grow and last only a short time. Typically, they will cause no symptoms and they will vanish within weeks or months.

A corpus luteum cyst will develop when the egg is not released. This type of cyst tends to be larger and features a thinner wall; however, this will cause the cyst to rupture easily. This rupture will release fluids into the ovary. The abdominal pain caused by this type of cyst has been described as relatively mild.

Complex Cyst – cystadenomas, dermoid and endometrioma

A complex ovarian cyst is made up of both solid and fluid contents. There are few types of complex cysts: cystadenomas, dermoid and endometriomas.

A dermoid ovarian cyst is a sac that’s filled with pieces of skin, hair, bone and teeth.  These cysts are very rarely cancerous, but they can grow quite large, causing the ovaries to move out of place, which in turn increases pain.

An endometrial cyst contains old, thick blood. This involves the condition where the lining of the womb grows in other parts of the body. These patches will form on the ovaries and can create cysts which will bleed during the menstrual cycle. Because there is no outlet for the blood, the cyst will grow larger in size. This can lead to abdominal pain, headaches and vaginal bleeding in between periods.

Painful Ovarian Cysts

ovarian dermoid cystAnother type of complex cyst on ovary is called a cystadenoma. This type of cyst can be filled with a mucous material or a watery liquid. These cysts can grow to be more than twelve inches in diameter. They will usually not cause any symptoms, but they can rupture or become twisted which can cause severe pain and will require emergency treatment.

The hemorrhagic cyst is considered one of the most painful types of ovarian cysts. These can develop when blood vessels rupture and drain blood into the fluid already in the cyst. This results in releasing blood back into the ovary, causing pain. Medication is usually the first treatment option; however, surgery may be necessary.

The Picture

You can see from above a complex cyst on ovary picture.  It is a large cyst on ovary and extremely painful.

What Is The Size Of The Ovaries

Premenopausal woman’s average size of the ovary is about the size of a walnut – or 3.5 cm long by 2.0 cm wide by 1.0 cm thick.  The size is not fixed as it changes it’s size, position, and shape in accordance with the various stages in a woman’s reproductive years.  So depending on where in you in your reproductive age, your ovary can be bigger, or smaller.

Average Size Of Ovarian Cyst

The size of ovarian cyst range from smaller than 1 cm to large one at 10 cm – which is between one-half inch to 4 inches.

Septated Ovarian Cyst

What is septated ovarian cyst?

Septated” means that the cyst is divided into segments. So the key focus is just how thick the wall is between these segments.  The thicker the wall is, the higher the risks of it being malignant (as the complex cyst which has both solid and non solid area)

Causes of Complex Ovarian Cyst

The complex ovarian cyst is different from a functional ovarian cyst – it does not start while in a normal menstrual cycle.  The causes are not known and a number of risks are identified to be associated with this –

ovarian cyst causes and symptoms

The Symptoms

What is the complex cyst on ovary symptoms?

The symptoms are not visible mostly.  However, the more common symptoms of the complex cyst include severe pain sudden and severe pain, vomiting, pressure and pain in the lower abdomen and frequent urinating etc.

cyst symptoms

In any case, you are advised to seek immediate medical attention if you experience any of the above, especially if there is a severe pain as it can mean that you have ruptured ovarian cyst.

The best way you can protect your health is to schedule regular visits with your gynecologist.  This is particular important to make sure that the cysts do not affect your fertility plan. While there are several different types of ovarian cysts and most of them disappear on their own, a physician can help if cysts continue to grow and threaten your health.

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