Mild and Severe Signs of Endometriosis
Endometriosis can cause painful periods, severe pain in the pelvic area and infertility. Signs of endometriosis can range from mild to severe. The treatment options include surgery, hysterectomy, and hormone therapy and pain management. The signs and symptoms of endometriosis can vary with the individual and they can range from mild to severe pain that is constant, with increased severity during menstruation.
Signs of Endometriosis: A Closer Look at this Condition And The Causes
Currently, it’s unknown what causes endometriosis. Most experts agree that there are a number of factors responsible for contracting this condition including hormonal, immunological and genetic reasons. Areas of endometriosis tend to be sticky and can join other organs to each other. As an example, the bowel and bladder can stick to the uterus. Large areas of endometriosis can form into cysts, which can bleed every month when a woman has her period. These cysts can fill with dark blood, which is why they are referred to as chocolate cysts. These areas of endometriosis can vary in size, ranging from the size of a pinhead to large clumps. Many patients with this condition do not have symptoms. Generally, the bigger the patches of endometriosis, the worse the signs of endometriosis will be.
Pain During Periods
Painful periods are a common sign of endometriosis. The pain will usually begin two to three days before the period and it can last the duration of the period. This pain is different than normal period pain, which is not typically severe. Pain during and after intercourse is another symptom and it can be felt deep inside, lasting for three to four hours after sex. Women will also complain of pain in the lower abdomen. Sometimes this type of pain is constant, but typically, it will get worse right before and during a period. Other symptoms include bleeding in between periods, difficulty becoming pregnant, painful bowel movements and pain with urination. In very rare cases, large patches of endometriosis can develop in other sites of the body. This can cause severe pain in parts of the body that occur at the same time as menstrual pain.
Treatment Options for Endometriosis
If left untreated, endometriosis can worsen over time. Complications can sometimes occur in women with severe cases. The main goal of treatment will be to improve symptoms and heavy periods. If the symptoms are mild, infertility is usually not an issue.
In mild cases, pain management may be an option. Hormone therapy is recommended for mild to moderate cases and for women who wish to have more children. Surgery to remove the endometriosis patches may be necessary if the condition causes symptoms that are severe enough to affect a woman’s quality of life. Often, women who are not planning on having more children, opt to have a hysterectomy in order to avoid heavy menstruation and pain every month. A hysterectomy will prevent a woman from menstruating and will also prevent the woman from experiencing any pain due to endometriosis.